The initial assessment is a process involving mutual investigation or exploration that provides the clinician with more detailed information for the purpose of determining specific client needs, goals, characteristics, problems and/or stage of change. Assessments vary in length according to the client's situation, and comprehensive assessments may be reserved for clients with more complicated histories and problems. This assessment forms the basis for initial treatment planning, a process of negotiation based on feedback from the assessment results, the client's strengths, prioritized problem areas, clinician judgment, client preferences and readiness for change, and the identification of potential barriers to treatment entry. This culminates in the development of a clear plan of action, including referrals as appropriate.Case Management
A process which includes the designation of a primary worker whose responsibilities include the ongoing assessment of the client and his/her problems, ongoing adjustment of the treatment plan, linking to and coordination of required services, monitoring and support, developing and implementing the discharge plan, and advocating for the client. Case management services are offered regardless where the individual is in the system.Community Treatment
One to two-hour sessions in group or individual format, typically once a week or less often, while the client resides elsewhere in the community. Community counselling/treatment includes brief intervention, lifestyle and personal counselling to assist the individual to develop skills to manage substance abuse/gambling and related problems, and/or maintain and enhance treatment goals. Such activities as relapse prevention, Guided Self-change, family intervention, follow-up and aftercare are included here. Care may be provided with or without medical/psychiatric treatment. Frequency and length of sessions may vary depending on client need and program format. May be offered in a variety of settings including outreach to the client's home, school, an addiction agency or other service setting. Outreach includes activities such as early intervention but not prevention, education or public relations activities.Community Day/Evening Treatment
A structured, scheduled program of treatment activities typically provided five days or evenings per week (e.g., three to four hours per day) while the client resides at home or in another setting, including residential supportive treatment services, to assist the individual to develop skills to manage substance abuse/gambling and related problems.Community Medical/Psychiatric Treatment
A specific non-residential service to meet the needs of individuals with concurrent disorders. This service may be offered either through a structured day/evening program or community treatment. These services are usually part of broader hospital services and employ physicians, nurses and staff specializing in the treatment of concurrent disorders.Residential Treatment
A structured, scheduled program of treatment and/or rehabilitation activities provided while the client resides in-house, to assist clients to develop and practice the skills to manage substance use and related problems. In addition to the scheduled program activities, clients have 24 hour access to support and the residential treatment milieu.Residential Medical/Psychiatric Treatment
A structured, scheduled program of addictions treatment and/or rehabilitation activities provided for clients whose biomedical, emotional and/or behavioural problems are severe enough to require individualized medical/ psychiatric care, while the client resides in-house. The treatment and/or rehabilitation is intended to assist the individual in stabilizing and managing his/her medical/ psychiatric problems, while also addressing the addiction problem per se, or to allow for referral to appropriate substance abuse/gambling treatment. In addition to the scheduled program of addictions treatment and rehabilitation activities clients have 24 hour access to support and the residential treatment milieu.Residential Supportive Treatment
Housing and related recovery/support services such as lifestyle counselling, coaching for activities of daily living, community reintegration, vocational counselling and mutual aid, provided to clients who require a stable, supportive environment prior to, during, or following treatment, which is accessed elsewhere.
Housing/accommodation in alcohol/drug-free setting. Addiction services are not offered on-site or as part of the housing service
Assistance with voluntary withdrawal from alcohol and/or other drugs to clients who are under the influence of these substances and/or in withdrawal or otherwise in crisis directly related to these substances. Clients may be simultaneously accessing residential support services, or they may be residing in their home, the home of a significant other or in another community setting, supervised or unsupervised. Care may be provided with or without the aid of drug therapy and/or other medical interventions. Additional support such as discharge planning and early recovery education is provided.
Assistance with voluntary withdrawal from alcohol and/or other drugs to clients who are under the influence of these substances and/or in withdrawal or otherwise in crisis directly related to these substances. This care is provided in a Withdrawal Management (detox) Centre, or on an inpatient basis in a hospital. Care may be provided with or without the aid of drug therapy and/or other medical interventions. Additional support such as discharge planning and early recovery education is provided. Service is provided at three levels.